The insulating material around the rods reduces heat loss from the sides of the rods. Therefore, heat flows only along the length of the rods. Consider any cross section of the rod. In the steady state, heat flowing into the element must equal the heat flowing out of it, otherwise there would be a net gain or loss of heat by the element and its temperature would not be steady. Thus in the steady state, rate of heat flowing across a cross section of the rod is the same at every point along the length of the combined steel-copper rod. Let T be the temperature of the steel-copper junction in the steady state. Then,

`(K_(1)A_(1)(300-T))/(L_(1))=(K_(2)A_(2)(T-O))/(L_(2))`

where 1 and 2 refer to the steel and copper rod respectively. For `A_(1) = 2 A_(2), L_(1) = 15.0 cm, L_(2) = 10.0 cm, K_(1) = 50.2 J s^(–1) m^(–1) K^( –1), K_(2) = 385 J s^(–1) m^(–1) K^( –1)`, we have

`(50.2xx2(300-T))/(15)=(385T)/(10)`

which gives `T=44.4^(@)C`

# What is the temperature of the steel-copper junction in the steady state system show in Fig. `7(e).17`? Length of steel rod = 15.0 cm, length of the copper rod = 10.0 cm, temperature of the furnace `=300^(@)C`, temperature of other end `0^(@)C`. The are of cross-section of the steel rod is twice that of the copper rod. (Thermal conductivity of steel `=50.2 js^(-1) m^(-1) K^(-1)` and of copper `=3895 js^(-1) m^(-1) K^(-1)`).

Deep Lanka

Asked: 2 years ago2022-11-08T05:34:40+05:30
2022-11-08T05:34:40+05:30In: General Awareness

# What is the temperature of the steel-copper junction in the steady state system show in Fig. `7(e).17`? Length of steel rod = 15.0 cm, length of the copper rod = 10.0 cm, temperature of the furnace `=300^(@)C`, temperature of other end `0^(@)C`. The are of cross-section of the steel rod is twice that of the copper rod. (Thermal conductivity of steel `=50.2 js^(-1) m^(-1) K^(-1)` and of copper `=3895 js^(-1) m^(-1) K^(-1)`).

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Akhil Issac

Asked: 2 years ago2022-10-29T00:25:44+05:30
2022-10-29T00:25:44+05:30In: Class 11

# What is the temperature of the steel copper junction in the steady state of the system

What is the temperature of the steel copper junction in the steady state of the system

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Correct Answer – `[44.4^(@)C]`

Let `T .^(@)C` be the temperature of the steel-copper junction at steady state. So rate of heat conducted through steel = rate of heat conducted through copper

`:. (K_(s)A_(s)(T_(1)-T_(2)))/(x_(1))=(K_(c)A_(c)(T_(1)-T_(2)))/(x_(2))`

or `((50.2)xx(2A)xx(300-T))/((15.0xx10^(-2)))`

`=((385)xxAxx(T-0))/((10.0xx10^(-2)))`

On solving , we get `T=44.4^(@)C`